Barnea candida (Linnæus, 1758)
Norway & western Baltic to Mauritania, Mediterranean, Black Sea. Lower intertidal to 50m deep, in soft stones and sunken pieces of wood. Yellow periostracum.
Original taxon: Pholas candidus.
In wood, Calambrone beach, Livorno, Toscana, Italy. 38mm.
Synonyms: costulata, cylindrica, papyracea, spinosa.
In muddy lagoon, Marina Romea, Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. 42mm.
The species shows little variations in shape and sculpture.
5m deep, in fuller's earth, Bozcaada island, Çanakkale, Marmara province, Turkey. 32mm.
A specimen in T. Pennant: British Conchology vol. 4 plate XLII, London 1812, via BHL.
A specimen in J. G. Jeffreys: British Conchology vol. V plate LII, London 1869, via BHL.