Erosaria spurca (Linnæus, 1758)
The subspecies is endemic to Mediterranean.
Original taxon: Cypræa spurca.
3m deep, under a flat rock, Agia Pelagia, Heraklion, Crete. 35mm.
Some variants: albida, dilatata, elongata, flavida, limpida, punctatissima, viridula!
7m deep, under a stone in a hole, Falasarna, Kissamos, Crete. 37mm.
Above and below: Shallow water specimens.
1-2m deep, under rocks with seagrass, Aguilas, Murcia, Spain. 20-28mm. Base paler than dorsum, sometimes spotted. White teeth.
Average spurcas are more orange than brown. This lot is quite dark for the species.
Exceptionnal specimen from deep water.
120m deep, off Almeria, Andalucia, Spain. 18mm.
6m deep, in crevice, in submerged karst W. of Vulisma Beach, near Istros, Kolpos Mirabellou, Lasithi, Crete. 30,5mm. Slightly subadult.
20-30m deep, under rock, Bergeggi island, Savona, Liguria, Italy. 23,5mm.
Above & below: specimens from F. Roncone's collection.
A: Aspra, Bagheria, Palermo, Sicily. 28mm.
E: Isole Eolie, 28mm. L: Lampedusa, 20mm.
S: youth is beautiful. Cagliari, Sardinia, 27mm.
M: small adult from deep cold water, Messina strait, 19-22mm.
Lampedusa, 30m deep. 28mm. Original pictures © F. Roncone.
2-4m deep, under rocks, Aguilas, Murcia, Spain. 20-28mm.
Growth development comparison, betwen a juvenile Erosaria spurca and a young but yet adult-shaped Haminoea navicula.
33m deep, Secche di Tor Paterno, off Torvajanica, Lazio, Italy. 5-7mm.
Four specimens from Sicily.
A = Egadi Island, 28mm. B-C-D = Messina, 27-32mm.
All pictures © Andrea Nappo [IT].